Added: Neil Guyton - Date: 21.12.2021 16:01 - Views: 31460 - Clicks: 4474
The Derby eland Taurotragus derbianus is the largest antelope in the world. The western subspecies of the Derby eland Taurotragus derbianus derbianus is critically endangered with less than individuals living in wild. This remaining population lives only in the Niokolo Koba National Park.
The NGO was established as a collaboration of pedagogues, students from the Czech University of Life Sciences Prague and other specialists and conservation enthusiasts. Thanks to their activities and long-term Senegalese-Czech cooperation, there are now now more than living individuals of Western Derby eland in semi-captivity in natural reserves Bandia and Fathala.
The six individuals captured became the founder population for WDE conservation. The population has been breeding in the fenced area of Bandia reserve since A second population was established from Bandia reserve in in the Fathala reserve. A team of Czech researchers and specialists from the Czech University of Life Sciences Prague have ensured that new born calves are identified and transports of chosen individuals to new breeding herds have been carried out. The team has been supervising the genetic and demographic parameters of the WDE population and a WDE Studbook has been published every year.
These activities had been financed from Czech development aid and research grants up to In the members of the Czech team working on WDE conservation founded NGO Derbianus Conservation, in order to be able to carry on its activities now guaranteed by private and legal persons. The Western derby eland conservation programme is based on three principles. The first is population management. The core of the conservation effort was the semi-captive population held in the reserves at Bandia and Fathala in Senegal. This contained six founding individuals 1 male and 5 females.
Due to the close genetic relatedness within their offspring, breeding herds had to be carefully established by putting the least related females and males together. Further monitoring of interconnections is imperative to maintain a healthy population. Therefore, annual new born calf identification, studbook coordination and the transfer of breeding individuals are an indispensable part of our work. Research is another essential part of our work and the second principle. It is linked to the ecology and behaviour of the animals.
This allows us to better understand and conserve this species and its habitat.
The continuity of the conservation programme is ensured by a third principle which centres on education. Education activities are not only focused on the Senegalese population, but also on providing information to the Czech public. The Memorandum addresses the collaboration of environmental protection focussing particularly on the critically endangered Western Derby eland. However, all the efforts of the Czech team should not outweigh the importance of the destiny of the eland, whose future is still uncertain and it is therefore necessary to keep working on its protection.
The Derby eland Taurotragus derbianus together with the Common eland Taurotragus oryx is the biggest antelope on the planet. Both, males and females have long spiralling horns that can reach more than a meter in length. Each individual can be distinguished according to the characteristic stripes on its body. They can carry 11 to 17 stripes on each side, the and shape of these stripes does not change during the individual's lifetime.
A distinctive and contrasting black and white dewlap appears just under the jaw-line and the ears are rounded. The males are bigger and more robust than the females. The Derby eland has two subspecies that differ in area of distribution and conservation status. Nowadays, approximately 14, individuals remain in Cameroon, the Central Republic of Africa and Sudan. In the population of the Western Derby eland was estimated as 1, individuals. According to the current estimations, the last of wild individuals remain in the Niokolo Koba national park in Senegal.
Poaching, livestock overgrazing and other human activities has had the greatest negative impact on this population. No-one else but you can contribute to Derby eland protection! Contribute by purchasing a Derby eland souvenir, leaving a financial gift or by becoming a member of the Derbianus Conservation team. Have you started to care about the Derby eland's future, or do you find the Czech role in the survival of this endangered species fascinating? You can us and go step by step towards the rescue of this endangered species with us.
Derbianus Conservation, z. African Journal of Ecology. Reliability of the new environmental paradigm for analysing the environmental attitudes of Senegalese pupils in the context of conservation education projects. Environmental Education Research.
DOI: Mammalian Biology 80 4 : PLoS One, 10 9 : African Zoology, 50 4 : Does a change in land use affect woody vegetation in sub-humid sudanian savanna in Senegal? Scientia Agriculturae Bohemica, 44 4 : Does supplemental feeding affect behaviour and foraging of critically endangered western giant eland in an ex situ conservation site? African Zoology, 48 2 : ISSN: Systematic Parasitology 82 2 : Population management as a tool in the recovery of the critically endangered Western Derby eland Taurotragus derbianus in Senegal, Africa.
Wildlife Biology 17 3 : Suckling behavior of eland antelopes Taurotragus spp. Journal of Ethology 29 1 : African Studbook. ISBN: Western Derby eland, Taurotragus derbianus derbianus Gray, ISBN Western Derby eland Taurotragus derbianus derbianus Conservation Strategy. Roubal J. Influence of commercial hunting and poaching to the s of Eastern Giant eland Taurotragus derbianus gigas. Comparison of population characteristics of genus Taurotragus.
Derby eland Taurotragus derbianus in captivity: studbook analyses. Calf sex ratio of captive eland populations. Environmental knowledge and attitudes: does it differ in urban and rural areas. Diet quality of large herbivores across continents.
Soils in Africa as source of mineral nutrition for large herbivores. Phylogeny and population characteristics of Derby eland Taurotragus derbianus. Dynamics of diet quality of large herbivores in Senegal. Coat pattern of Western Derby eland Taurotragus derbianus derbianus — an evidence for heritability? Taxonomic comparison of Derby eland and common eland Taurotragus sp.
The Parasite fauna of some domestic and wild ruminant species in Bandia and Fathala reserves in Senegal. Impact of management on African savanna ecosystems. Inthe 11th edition of the studbook of the critically endangered Western Derby eland African Studbook for the Western Derby eland Taurotragus derbianus derbianus was published.
This series of studbooks is internationally recognized in several aspects. First of all, it is a unique tool for the management of small population of this endangered taxon, kept in the semi-captive conditions in the two fenced nature reserves of Bandia and Fathala in Senegal. Thanks to the annual fieldwork, each individual is documented in detail, its relatedness to other animals in the population is identified, and its conservation value is calculated.
It should be noted that in the wild, there is maximum of two hundred of these animals only in the Niokolo Koba National Park in Senegal and the back-up population in the reserves, which is based on six individuals captured in Niokolo Koba incurrently contains animals. Thanks to the perfect mapping of their pedigrees supplemented with genetic analyses, we can maximize the potential of breeding individuals and establish breeding herds to minimize inbreeding and maximize the use of rare and less widespread genetic variants.
The studbook is also unique in terms of the quality of the data used. The importance of the studbook at the local level lies mainly in the education and training of local workers and nature conservation experts in Senegal, where similar expertise in the management of small populations of large ungulates is rather absent. In the last two decades, the Czech team from the Faculty of Tropical AgriSciences of the CZU has been the only entity on the international scale that has been actively involved in the Derby eland conservation.
Without active studbook and subsequent breeding herd management, the Western Derby eland population in the reserves would lost of most of its value for conservation. Czech University of Life Sciences Prague. Selected MSc. Selected PhD. Show more Foto 2. Updated on Download file.Derby bissau sex
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