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They are the infections you get from another person through sexual contact. In addition, over 20 million people in the United States are infected each year. About half of these people are age Luckily, most STDs can be treated and cured. How do you know if you have one? What is the best treatment? The information here should help answer these questions.
The female reproductive system provides several functions. The ovaries produce the female egg cells, called the ova or oocytes. The oocytes are then transported to the fallopian tube where fertilization by a sperm may occur. The fertilized egg then moves to the uterus, where the uterine lining has thickened in response to the normal hormones of the reproductive cycle. Once in the uterus the fertilized egg can implant into thickened uterine lining and continue to develop.
If fertilization does not take place, the uterine lining is shed as menstrual flow. In addition, the female reproductive system produces female sex hormones that maintain the reproductive cycle. During menopause the female reproductive system gradually stops making the female hormones necessary for the reproductive cycle to work. At this point, menstrual cycles can become irregular and eventually stop.
One year after menstrual cycles stop, the woman is considered to be menopausal. The function of the external female reproductive structures the genital is twofold: To enable sperm to enter the body and to protect the internal genital organs from infectious organisms. The main external structures of the female reproductive system include:. Bacteria and viruses that grow in warm, moist places in the body cause STDs. They are passed from one person to another through sex.
Infections can spread from the penis, vagina, mouth or anus. These infections can be minor or they can be very painful, even life threatening. They are spread through fluids in the body. Most often shared during vaginal, oral or anal sex. Some STDs pass from one person to another through infected blood. For example, among people who share infected drug needles. Or a mother may infect her child during pregnancy, childbirth or nursing. STDs are not spread through casual contact. Shaking hands, sharing clothes, or sharing a toilet seat, for example, would not lead to STDs.
Anyone can get a STD. Teenagers and young adults have the highest risk. They are more likely to have many sex partners, and they may not know how to prevent problems. Street-drug users who use dirty needles are also at risk. A health care professional can diagnose STIs. They will ask personal questions about your sex history. They may take a sample of fluid from the vagina or penis, or a blood test to confirm the problem. Laboratory tests can show what, if any, bacterial or viral STIs are present. An estimated 1. It is transmitted through unprotected vaginal and anal sex.
Sometimes people have no that they have this disease. A man with chlamydia may feel pain when urinating or see fluid drip from the penis. A woman may bleed between periods, feel pain when urinating, see a discharge or feel mild pain in the lower belly. From anal sex, a patient may have anal bleeding or pain.
Once diagnosed, a person can be treated with an antibiotic. If untreated, it can cause serious damage to a woman's reproductive system. It can make it difficult or impossible to get pregnant. Gonorrhea can cause infections in the genitals, rectum, and throat. Young people, ageare most often affected. You can get it by having unprotected vaginal, anal, or oral sex with someone who has the disease.
It may show no symptoms. Or, a person may find a discharge from the penis or vagina, and feel pain when urinating. Gonorrhea is treated with antibiotics. In men, if this is left untreated it may cause urethral stricture. This is a potentially life-threatening bacterial infection from vaginal, anal or oral sex.
It can spread if the sores caused by syphilis touch the skin of a healthy person. Sores can be found on the penis, vagina, anus, in the rectum, or on the lips and mouth. Syphilis can also spread from an infected mother to her unborn baby. Usually, the first symptom is a painless open sore. Sores can form on your genitals, or the palms of your hands and soles of your feet.
The second stage rash can look like rough, red or reddish brown spots. Penicillin is a successful treatment. If syphilis is not treated, it can remain in the body for years. It can cause serious problems including paralysis unable to move body partsmental disorders, damage to organs and even death. This infection is very common. One in six people age has genital herpes.
HSV-1 usually causes sores on the lips.
Genital blisters from HSV-2 may not be seen. Blisters can form, break, cause pain and take weeks to heal. There is no known cure for HSV but symptoms can be treated with antiviral medicine. It is not curable, and potentially deadly. It attacks the body's immune system. Only blood, semen cumpre-seminal fluid pre-cumrectal fluids, vaginal fluids, and breast milk carry the virus.
Infected needles or other sharp tools can spread AIDS as well. An infected mother can give her baby the virus during pregnancy, childbirth or nursing. Some people have no s if they get it. Others may feel like they have a bad flu for a long time. The virus can go un-noticed for many years. This STI is a serious virus that attacks the liver. Effective vaccines since the s have helped to prevent this infection. There are fewer cases every year. Blood, semen and body fluids shared during sex can spread the virus.
Many people are born with the disease from their infected mother. Getting care to people with long-term HBV is important but often people have no clear symptoms. When symptoms are present, they can include fever, headache, muscle aches, fatigue, poor appetite, vomiting and diarrhea.
Since HBV attacks liver cells, it can lead to cirrhosis, liver cancer, liver failure and possibly death. Dark urine, abdominal pain and yellowing of the skin or eyes are s of liver damage. There is no known cure for hepatitis B. Still, medications to treat chronic infection will help. Vaccine is the best protection. Acute HBV has no treatment. Chronic HBV is treated with antiviral medicines, interferon treatment, or a liver transplant.
Vaccine is the best prevention. These warts are caused by the human papillomavirus HPV. It is spread through vaginal or anal sex. It can be passed even when an infected person has no symptoms. The warts that develop are painless, fleshy, cauliflower-looking bumps. They grow on the penis or in and around the entrance of the vagina or anus. HPV may eventually cause cervical cancer. Fortunately, there is a successful vaccine to prevent HPV and genital warts. The vaccine is given to children age 11 or 12, or for people age There is no known cure for genital warts.
However, they can be treated with topical ointments. Sometimes they can be removed with minor surgical procedures e. This STI from a parasite. It is spread through sexual contact from the penis or vagina. It mainly affects young, sexually active women.
Uncircumcised men are found to spread the infection more. Men with this STI may feel itching or irritation inside the penis. They may see discharge or feel burning after urination or ejaculation. Women may notice itching, burning, redness or soreness, discomfort with urination. Or, they may have an unusual discharge with a bad smell.
Having trichomoniasis can make it feel unpleasant to have sex. Without treatment, the infection can last for months or even years. Women with it may deliver underweight babies. Trichomoniasis can be easily treated with antibiotics.Hot oral sex for real men
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